Every careful reader of +he Holy Scriptures has had his attention called to the frequent use of certain numbers as four, seven, ten, twelve, forty and seventy. These numbers occur with more or less frequency in both the Old and New Testament and indicate that the Scriptures have a "Numerical Structure" that is based on the "Symbolic" significance of these numbers.
God has been called "The Great Geometrician, " and is said to do everything after a plan and by number, weight and measure.
If God is the Author of the Scriptures and the Creator of the world,
then the "Word of God" and the "Works of God" should harmonize.
The Scriptures reveal a "Time System" known as the "Weeks of Scripture." They are "seven in number.
1. The Week of "Days."
2. The Week of "Weeks."
3. The Week of "Months."
4. The Week of "Years."
5. The Week of "Weeks of Years."
6. The Week of "Millenniums."
7. The Week of "Ages."
this "Scale of Weeks" is common in nature. The hen sits 3 weeks the
pigeon 2, after having laid eggs for 2 weeks. The ova of salmon is
hatched in 20 weeks. Of 129 species of Mammalia the majority have a
period from conception to birth of an exact number of weeks. The same
is true of the human race. Fevers, and intermittent attacks of gout,
ague and similar complaints have a "Septiform Periodicity, " and the Seventh, Fourteenth and Twenty-first
days in certain diseases are known as "critical" days. Then there are 7
notes in the musical scale, 7 colors in the rainbow, 7 rays in
prismatic light, and the leaves of plants are largely governed in their
forms by the same Law of Sevens.
agreement of Nature with the Scriptures cannot be a mere coincidence.
It reveals the fact that they are both built on a "Divine Plan."
The Number of "Unity."
It symbolizes the Unity of God. Mark 12:32. John 10:30. In Eph. 4:4-6 we have seven distinct "Unities, " One Body, One Spirit. One Hope, One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism, One God.
The Number of "Union."
The Union of Marriage, and "they shall be one flesh." Gen. 2:23, Gen. 2:24. The Union of Christ and the Church. Eph. 5:31, Eph. 5:32. The Union of the "Two Natures" in Jesus. Luke 1:35. The Union of death and life in the Atonement of Christ, as seen in the "Two Birds" (Lev. 14:4-6), and the "Two Goats." Lev. 16:5-7. The Disciples were named in Pairs (Matt. 10:2-4) and were sent out Two by Two. Mark 6:7.
There were "Two Tables" of Testimony, and "Two Witnesses" were
necessary to a fair trial, and "Two Witnesses" will testify during the
Tribulation. Rev. 11:3.
The Number of "Divinity."
is called the "Divine Number" because it is mentioned so often in
connection with Holy Things. It speaks of the Trinity of God Father,
Son and Holy Spirit; and the Trinity of Man-Body, Soul and Spirit; of
the Three Great Feasts, the Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles; the
Threefold character of the Baptismal Formula (Matt. 28:19) ; of the Apostolic Benediction (2Cor. 13:14)
; the Three Temptations of Christ, and His Three Prayers in Gethsemane;
the Three Denials of Peter and the Lord's Threefold Question and
Charge, and the Threefold Vision of the Sheet. The number Three is also
associated with the Restoration of Israel (Hosea 6:1, Hosea 6:2). the Resurrection of Jonah, and the Resurrection of Christ. Matt. 12:38-40.
The number Three is very prominent in the Threefold ascriptions in the
Book of Revelation. Jesus Christ is spoken of as He which is and was and is to come; as the "Faithful Witness, " the "First Begotten From the Dead, " and the "Prince of the Kings of the Earth."
The four "Living Creatures" chant "Holy, Holy, Holy" unto the Almighty,
and give Him "Glory, " and "Honor" and "Thanks." The Book is divided
into "Three Parts." There are Three "Woe Trumpets, " and Three
"Froglike Spirits" issue from the mouth of the Dragon, the mouth of the
Beast, and the mouth of the False Prophet. Rev. 16:13, Rev. 16:14. 11
Three plagues are to come upon Babylon, "Death, " "Mourning and "Famine" (Rev. 18:8), and "three classes" of persons shall bewail her downfall, "Kings, " "Merchants" and "Seamen." These are but a few specimens of the use of the number Three in the Scriptures.
number Three is also prominent in nature. The primary colors of "Solar
Light" are Blue, Yellow and Red; and the Sun itself is a Trinity whose
manifestations are Light, Heat and Chemical Rays. In nature there are
Three Kingdoms, Animal, Vegetable and Mineral. Matter exists in Three
forms, Gaseous, Liquid and Solid, and the great forces of nature are
Gravitation, Light and Electricity. The history of the Earth between
the Fall of Man and the Renovation of the Earth by Fire is divided into
Three Ages, the Antediluvian, Present, and the Millennial Age., all
bounded by great climatic changes.
The Number of the "World."
Four Seasons, Winter, Spring, Summer and Autumn. The Four points of the
Compass, North, East, South and West. The Four Elements, Earth, Air,
Fire and Water. The River that flowed out from the "Garden of Eden" was
divided into Four Parts. Gen. 2:10-12.
Ezekiel had a vision of the Cherubim. They were Four in number and each
had Four Faces and Four Wings. The first face was that of a Man. The
second that of a Lion, the third that of an Ox, and the fourth that of
an Eagle, all of them "earthly" creatures. The great "World Powers" as
revealed to the Prophet Daniel were Four in number, Babylon,
Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome. The Four World judgments to come upon the
Nations are War, Famine, Pestilence and Earthquakes. Matt. 24:6, Matt. 24:7.
Four divisions of the human race are Nations, Kindred, Peoples and
Tongues. There are Four Portraits of Christ in the Four Gospels. God's
Four "Sore judgments" upon Jerusalem are the Sword Famine, Noisome
Beast and the Pestilence. The Brazen Altar had Four Sides and Four
Horns, and the New Jerusalem is Foursquare.
The Number of "Division."
number is not of frequent occurrence. There were Five Wise and Five
Foolish Virgins. Jesus fed the Multitude (Five Thousand men), with Five
loaves. David took Five smooth stones from the brook. There are Five
digits on each hand and foot. The books of Moses are Five in number.
There are Five senses.
The Number of "Man."
was made on the Sixth day. His appointed days of labor are Six. The
Hebrew slave was to serve Six years. For Six years the land was to be
sown and to rest during the seventh. The kingdoms of this world are to
last for Six Thousand Years. Moses was compelled to wait for Six days
on the Mount before God revealed Himself unto him. Ex. 24:15-17. Six days the Children of Israel compassed the city of Jericho before its walls fell on the seventh. Josh. 6:1-3. There were Six steps to Solomon's Throne. 1Kings 10:19.
It was Six days after Jesus foretold of His coming glory before He took
His Disciples to the Mount where He was transfigured before them. Matt. 16:28-17:2.
Nebuchadnezzar, a type of those who want to "deify" man, erected a
"Golden Image, " typical of himself, in the Plain of Dura, and
commanded the rulers and people of his provinces to fall down before it
and worship it under penalty of being thrown into a burning fiery
furnace. Dan. 3:1-3.
The dimensions of the "Image" are worthy of note. It was Sixty cubits
high and Six cubits broad. It was prophetic of the "Image of the Beast"
that the False Prophet will command the people to make in the day of
the Beast (Antichrist) (Rev. 13:13-15), and it is significant that the "Number" of the Beast is 666. This is the day when men are seeking the
"Deification of Man, "
and his powers, and dethroning the "Son of Man, " and they will reach the consummation of their desire when they for Commercial Reasons (Rev. 13:15-17) will worship the Beast. This is "Man's Day, " and its symbol is Six, which stops short of seven.
The Number of "Perfection" or "Dispensational Fulness."
is made up of the sum of 3+4=7. That is of the Divine number and the
World number. It is more frequently used in the Scriptures than any
other numeral. It stands for the Seventh Day of the "Creative Week, "
and speaks of the Millennial Rest Day.
Sabbath was the Seventh day. Enoch was the Seventh from Adam. There
were Seven days of grace after Noah entered into the Ark. Jacob served
Seven years for Raehel. There were Seven years of plenty, and Seven
years of famine in Egypt. At the taking of Jericho, Seven Priests, with
Seven Trumpets, marched at the head of the people Seven times around
the city. There was a Seven-Branched Candlestick in the Tabernacle. The
land was to rest in the Seventh year. Solomon was Seven years in
building the Temple and kept the feast for Seven days. Job had Seven
sons. When his friends came to visit him they sat Seven days and Seven
nights in silence, and afterward they were required to offer a Burnt
Offering of Seven bullocks and Seven rams. Naaman washed Seven times in
the Jordan. The blood was to be sprinkled Seven times before the Mercy
Seat. Lev. 16:14.
There were Seven Feasts of Jehovah, some of which lasted Seven days.
The Saviour spake Seven words from the cross. Seven men of honest
report were chosen to administer the alms of the Church. But it is not
until we come to the Book of Revelation that, we see the significance
of the number Seven.
The Book is
addressed to the Seven Churches of Asia by Him who stands in the midst
of the Seven Golden Candlesticks, and from the Seven Spirits before His
Throne, and was to be sent to the Seven Stars, or ministers ot those
churches. There is a Seven-Sealed Book, which is opened by a Lamb
having Seven horns and Seven eyes. Seven Seals are broken. Seven Angels
sound Seven Trumpets and Seven Angels pour out Seven Golden Vials
containing the Seven last Plagues. There is a Beast with Seven Heads,
and a Dragon with Seven Heads and Seven Crowns on the Heads. There are
Seven Mountains, and in all the number Seven is mentioned upward of 50
times in the Book of Revelation. It is the Book of Sevens because it is
the Book of the Consummation of all the Seven Dispensations of God's
Plan and Purpose of the Ages, and ushers in the New Heaven and the New
Earth, and the New City.
The Number of the "New Order of Things."
Eighth Day is the beginning of a New Week. The Jewish Sabbath was on
the last or Seventh Day of the week, Jesus rose on the First day of a
new week or the Eighth day. His Resurrection introduced a New Order of Things,
the Christian Sabbath and the "New Creation, " or Regeneration of the
Soul, and points to the New Heaven and the New Earth, which will be the
Eighth Dispensation, following the Seventh or Millennial Dispensation.
God commanded Abraham to "circumcise" every male child on the Eighth day. Gen. 17:11-13.
Any who were not "circumcised" were to be "cut off" from the people-the
Hebrew Nation. Isaac was "circumcised" on the Eighth day. What did
Circumcision symbolize? It symbolized that Abraham and his descendants
were a New Race, who by Circumcision were "cut off" from the old Adamic
Headship, and entered into a new relationship with God.
Noah was the Eighth person (2Pet. 2:5), and his family consisted of Eight persons (1Pet. 3:20),
and they populated the new earth after the Flood. David was the Eighth
son of Jesse, and he introduced a new order in Israel. 1Sam. 16:10, 1Sam. 16:11. The leper was cleansed on the Eighth day from his leprosy, thus proclaiming a new man. Lev. 14:10, Lev. 14:23. The sheaf of "First Fruits" was to be waved before the Lord on the Eighth day, or the "Morrow After the Sabbath" (Lev. 23:11),
and 50 days later, on the same day of the week the Feast of Pentecost
was observed, which typified the sending of the Holy Spirit, Who
inaugurated the new Gospel Dispensation. Lev. 23:16.
The Feast of Tabernacles lasted for seven days, but on the Eighth day a "Holy Convocation" was to be held. Lev. 23:36.
The Feast of Tabernacles was the last of the three great Festivals, and
came at the close of the harvest, and during it the Children of Israel
dwelt in booths. It is typical of God's eternal rest.
The Number of "Worldly Completion."
is made up of the sum of the World number 4 and 6 the Number of Man. It
is probably based on the decimal system, suggested by the 10 digits of
hands or feet. It was looked upon as a complete number, and was used as
such in the Ten Commandments. In the parable of the Ten Virgins it
gives the legal number necessary for a Jewish function. In the Ten Toes
of Nebuchadnezzar's Image, and the Ten Horns of Daniel's "Fourth Beast,
" that point to the Ten Kings, or Kingdoms, typified by the Ten Horns
of john's "Beast" (Rev. 17:3,
12 we see the summing up of Gentile power in Ten Federated Kingdoms,
which will be the completion of worldly Gentile rule, and which will be
destroyed by the "Stone Kingdom" of Christ. Then we have the Ten
"pieces of silver" (Luke 15:8), and the Ten servants to whom were entrusted Ten pounds and one rewarded by being given authority over Ten cities (Luke 19:13, Luke 19:17) and the Ten plagues of Egypt, and other uses of the number Ten scattered through the Scriptures.
The Number of "Eternal Perfection."
is the product of the Divine number 3, and 4 the World number, There
were Twelve Tribes of Israel; Twelve stones in the High Priest's
Breastplate; Twelve cakes of Shewbread; Twelve wells of water at Elim;
Twelve spies were sent into Canaan; Joshua placed Twelve stones in the
bed of Jordan; Elijah built an altar of Twelve stones; Solomon's
"Molten Sea" stood on Twelve brass oxen. In the New Testament we read
that at Twelve years of age Jesus visited the Temple; that He chose
Twelve Apostles, and that His Father would send at His request Twelve
Legions of Angels. Then there was the woman who was diseased for Twelve
years, and the Twelve-year-old daughter of Jairus.
the Book of Revelation we read of the woman with a crown of Twelve
stars, and that the New Jerusalem has Twelve gates, and at the gates
Twelve angels; that it has Twelve foundations, and in then the names of
the Twelve Apostles of the Lamb; that its trees bear Twelve manner of
fruits; that it lieth foursquare and measures Twelve thousand furlongs
on a side, and that the height c)f the wall is 144 cubits, or 12Xl 2.
We are also told that in the "Regeneration" the Twelve Apostles shall
sit on Twelve Thrones judging the Twelve Tribes of Israel. Matt. 19:28.
Thus it is clear that in the final consummation of all things Israel
and the Church shall have their place in the New Earth and the New City.
The Number of "Probation."
the Flood it rained Forty days and Forty nights. Moses was on probation
Forty years in Egypt, Forty years in the desert, and Forty years with
Israel in the Wilderness. The Spies were Forty days spying out the land
and Israel wandered Forty years in the Wilderness. The reigns of Saul,
David and Solomon each lasted Forty years. Goliath defied Israel for
Forty days. Nineveh was given Forty days to repent. Elijah fasted Forty
days and Forty nights. Jesus was tempted Forty days and appeared eleven
times during Forty days after His Resurrection. Punishment by flogging
was limited to Forty stripes save one. All these instances show that
God was not hasty in His judgments, but gave man ample time for a fair
There are other numbers mentioned in Scripture as Seventy, One Hundred and Twenty, "One Hundred and Forty-four, "
etc., but it is not necessary to pursue the subject further as we have
seen that there is a symbolism attached to the numbers of Scripture.
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